Bed Bug Facts

Identification:

  • Adult length is 4-5mm and only 1.5-3mm wide.
  • Reddish-brown, flattened, oval and wingless.
  • Eggs and eggshells are 1mm and white.
  • Nymphs are translucent and lighter in color.
  • Become browner as they molt and reach maturity.
  • Reproduction:

  • Females deposit 1-5 eggs per day and hundreds during a lifetime.
  • Eggs are laid in cracks and crevices throughout the home.
  • Females lay eggs after a blood meal.
  • Eggs will hatch in 6-10 days.
  • Females can begin reproducing between 4-9 weeks.
  • Mating is done by traumatic insemination.
  • Feeding:

  • an survive over one year without feeding.
  • Typically feed on a blood meal every 5-10 days.
  • Takes 3-12 minutes to feed to repletion.
  • A new generation will immediately seek a blood meal.
  • Most often feed at nighttime when people are asleep.
  • The fluid they inject while feeding can cause itching and swelling.
  • At least one blood meal is required to complete development during each instar.
  • Bites:

  • Red, often with a darker red spot in the middle.
  • Itchy at times.
  • Arranged in a rough line or in a cluster.
  • Can be located anywhere on the body.
  • An allergic reaction to a bite may cause blistering and/or hives.
  • Miscellaneous:

  • If a crack will hold a credit card, it could hide a Bed Bug.
  • Bed Bugs are nocturnal.
  • The number of Bed Bugs in the U.S. is doubling each year.
  • Bed Bugs produce odors ranging from pungent to sweet-musty.
  • Chemical use alone will not eliminate Bed Bugs.
  • Young Bed Bugs must complete 5 nymphal instars before reaching adulthood.


  • For more Bed Bug facts click here: http://www.epa.gov/bedbugs/